Kip Kinkel, of Springfield, Oregon, went from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to Ritalin, to major depressive disorder (MDD), to Prozac, to murder.
Whatever else he may have been, Eric Harris, mass-murderer, of Columbine High, Littleton, Colorado, was also a psychiatric patient. And that needs to be talked about. Are we better off for all the psychiatry and pharmacology in our lives? Unchanged? Worse? We must pose the question and answer it. Fifteen to twenty percent of all schoolchildren (7-10 million) in the U.S. are said to have psychiatric "disorders"-"diseases" and are on brain-altering, psychotropic drugs.
Eric Harris was on Luvox-an antidepressant of the Prozac family, a so-called specific serotonin uptake inhibitor (SSRI), really not so specific at all. When Marine Corps recruiters found out, that was the end of Eric's hopes of enlisting. They saw him as "damaged goods". We don't know what his diagnosis or diagnoses were-in psychiatry there are often several at once ("co-morbidity"), and several drugs.
Luvox is usually given for major depressive disorder (MDD), or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), neither of which predispose to murder or mayhem (neither a proven disease with a physical abnormality in the patient). But Luvox can.
Dr. Ann Blake Tracy, author of "Prozac: Panacea or Pandora?", lists "aggressive or violent behavior" as side effect of antidepressants of the Prozac-Luvox class of drugs.
Researchers at the Hadassah-Hebrew University School of Medicine in Jerusalem, Israel conclude that Luvox may induce or unmask manic behavior in depressed patients. They alert clinicians to monitor for this 'switching' effect. The Luvox insert gives the frequency of manic reactions as four percent-four per hundred. Eric Harris was truly manic and grandiose. His ideas included blowing up the school, killing all their fellow students, escaping to an Island off of Mexico and returning to the U.S. to crash a plane into New York City.
What psychiatric "diseases" cause aggression and violence? Might he have had one of those as well? Psychiatry gives us the three disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs): attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), as "brain diseases," "chemical imbalances," each a biological precursor of aggressive and violent behavior.
The Report of the National Institutes of Health--Consensus Conference on ADHD, November 16-18, 1998, stated:
"Children with ADHD suffer from a great deal more than an inability to sit still and pay attention in class. They suffer from a broad array of disruptive behaviors. Later, these children have higher rates of alcohol and drug abuse, criminal behavior, and accidents of all sorts. ADHD, often in conjunction with coexisting conduct disorders, contributes to societal problems such as violent crime and teenage pregnancy."
What are we to make of the fact that not one of the DBDs has been validated as a disease, or as anything biological or organic; that not a single psychiatric disorder has. Having thus demonized the 5-6 million normal children labeled ADHD, in collusion with U.S. public education, psychiatry, in the final draft of the Consensus Conference report, confesses, that it doesn't exist:
"We do not have an independent, valid test for ADHD, and there are no data to indicate that ADHD is due to brain malfunction."
Citing consensus and agreement within their own ranks, psychiatrists, including (in the weeks since Littleton) Frederick Goodwin of Georgetown University (formerly of the National Institute of Mental Health), represent low brain levels of the chemical, serotonin to be the conclusive evidence of a biologic basis of aggression and violence. However, scrutiny by scientists outside the ranks of psychiatry, find no basis for such claims.
In an analysis (meta-analysis) of 39 studies (Balaban E, Alper JS, & Kasamon YL. J. Neurogenetics, 1996;11:1-43) linking 5-HIAA (the serotonin breakdown product assayed) to aggression in humans, Balaban, et al, conclude:
"No differences in mean 5-HIAA levels (serotonin) were found between groups of violent impulsive psychiatric patients and groups of subjects diagnosed with other psychiatric or medical conditions not considered to involve violence. It is premature and misleading to speak of 'mean genes' or a specific neurochemistry of aggressive behavior."
With JD Mann (Baughman FA & Mann JD. JAMA. 1972; 222:446-448), I was among the first to describe XYY males, not detected in screenings carried out in penal institutions, and call into question that XYY was a "criminality" genotype, as was widely proclaimed in the late sixties and early seventies.
Why psychiatry's contrived illusions of biology, disease, "chemical imbalances" and "cures" where none exist? Might it be for the purpose of selling "chemical balancers," those little, not-so-harmless pills, produced by their controlling partner, the world-wide, world-dominant, pharmaceutical industry. Say often enough and loud enough that they have a defect of serotonin, and anything under the sun for problems with serotonin becomes marketable.
Afield, a psychiatrist, testified to Congress in 1992 hearings on psychiatric hospital fraud:
"The DSM-III...everyone in this room will fit into two or three of the diagnoses...In DSM-IV, there'll be some new diseases. Every new disease...gets a new...program, new admissions, a new system and way to bilk it..."
Where does this leave Littleton, Eric Harris, Dylan Klebold, the children murdered there-in full-bloom? Where does it leave Springfield, Oregon, Kip Kinkel, Peducah, Jonesboro-every one with school-house murderers-children of psychiatry?
We are not, when the real science is known, beholden to our genes and chemistry-as the psychopharmaceutical cartel would have us believe. We are not "hard-wired" for aggression and violence.
There being no proof to the contrary, we are-as Hillary Clinton has so simply yet profoundly proclaimed-"of the village," of our parents, of our families, of our teachers, of our neighbors-of the village. The children are innocent, not to be exploited and dehumanized. They are a clean slate-ours to write on as surely we do-for good or for ill. They are every bit our responsibility. They are what we make them. We must know this and take full responsibility every step of the way. An awesome responsibility, with no shortcuts, with no quick fixes.
The answer is not in psychiatry, and it is not in a pill. Believing that it is, and living your life according to their "It's Nobody's Fault" (it's all in the genes and chemicals) mantra, is the surest way to replicate such horrors over and over again.
As of today, before Littleton can fade from memory, we have Port Huron, Michigan, and Heritage High, Atlanta, and more student-body, would-be killers.
It was just learned that Thomas "T.J." Solomon, 15, of Heritage High School, Atlanta, Georgia, was on Ritalin and yet another child of psychiatry.
Fred A. Baughman, Jr. M.D.
Adult and Pediatric Neurologist
El Cajon, CA 92019
Email: [email protected]
Web Address: http://home.att.net/~fred-alden/